If you compost at home, will you attract unwanted animals to my yard and my house? Let’s dive into this very common concern about starting your own compost bin at home. In short, if you compost properly, you won’t attract unwanted pests looking for an easy lunch.
We get a lot of questions about composting. Without a doubt, one of the most frequent questions people ask about composting at home is whether or not it attracts animals. It’s also probably the most common reason people feel nervous about composting at home.
On the surface, some might think a compost pile is akin to trash. After all, it’s all waste, and it’s the food in our trash that attracts animals and causes issues, right?
A compost pile is more than just waste though. Composting is the process of organic materials decomposing in a natural way to break down matter into its basic elements. Decomposition (or composting) happens in nature constantly. A forest floor is a perfect example of composting, and that definitely doesn’t smell like trash or attract unwanted pests.
Simplistically, as long as food scraps and other compost materials have sufficient water and oxygen, they will transform into nitrogen and other micronutrients, water, and carbon dioxide. This process smells sweet and earthy, nothing like the rotting or stinky smells from your trash that attract raccoons and rodents.
Food Scraps In Your Home
Before you take food scraps out to your compost bin, pile, or tumbler, they collect on your counter or in your kitchen. Many people wonder if this causes issues with fruit flies or other bugs. So long as the food scraps don’t sit out in the open for extended periods of time, you shouldn’t have issues with bugs bugging your food scraps before you take them out to the bin. Here are a few ways your food scraps can hang out in your kitchen without attracting flies and bugs.
Bowl On The Counter | Leave items in a bowl for a few hours and dump food scraps in your compost bins daily. In such a short period of time, food scraps generally do not smell, attract bugs, or create other sanitation issues.
Countertop Compost Crock | You can also leave your food scraps in a countertop compost crock for several days and sometimes up to a week. It really doesn’t get stinky, even after a few days. The top of the container has a charcoal filter underneath it to prevent any smells from escaping or attracting bugs. On a rare occasion in the heart of summer, the food scrap container may attract a few fruit flies if you don’t take it out every day or two, but the issue should resolve itself as soon as you toss the food scraps in the outdoor compost bin.
Compost Pick Up Service Bucket | That’s us! Those who use a compost pick-up service like ours typically collect food scraps in an airtight bucket. Our customers don’t report any consistent issues with the buckets causing odors in their kitchen or attracting bugs or rodents. We recommend keeping the buckets closed and opening only to add food scraps once or twice a day at most. But if you stick to that rule of thumb, you should be all set!
Freezer Container | We know lots of people who store their food scraps in a small container in their freezer. Every few days or once a week, they move the food scraps to their compost bin or their compositing service bucket. You’re sure to keep the bugs away if you store your scraps in the freezer!
So long as your mindful about keeping your food scraps in an enclosed container and moving them to a bucket or bin every few days, you shouldn’t have any consistent issues with food scraps attracting unwanted bugs and varmints inside your home.
Compost Bins & Piles Outside Your Home
Once the scraps and other compost materials are collected outside your home and ready to decompose, many wonder if this attracts animals to your yard, similar to a pile of rotting trash. Some have concerns about curious pets getting into compost piles while others worry that unwanted wild animals will make their yard a home as a result of the food source.
As long as you compost properly, your pile or bin shouldn’t attract wild animals. Typically animals are drawn to the pile by the stinky smell. Earthy compost smells, however, don’t do much for animals. In fact, they’re pretty much everywhere because organic matter is “rotting” naturally in and on the ground all the time. A properly managed compost pile is no different than a pile of fallen leaves breaking down over the winter.
Whether or not your pile will be appealing to your pet probably depends on your pet. Do they like digging in the dirt in your yard and the piles of leaves at the park? If so, they might wonder about the compost bin too. As with wild animals though, a well-managed compost bin won’t be any more appealing than the fun stuff in the rest of the yard.
What Is a Well-Managed Compost Pile?
In order for compost to smell earthy and not stinky (i.e. be well managed), it must have proper components: water, air, carbon, and nitrogen. In short though, if it starts to smell, it needs more air and/or more carbon. Add carbon materials and turn the pile every day or so until it no longer smells and doesn’t look especially wet. Then you should be good to go.
Remember when adding food scraps that they need to be mixed in with the rest of the pile to decompose properly. If they sit on top of the pile and aren’t incorporated into the mix, they might drawer the attention of your raccoon neighbors. If it’s an issue or of particular concern, just be sure to cover any food scraps with dirt or “browns” each time you add food scraps.
Does It Matter If Animals Explore Your Compost Pile?
It’s worth noting that, in many cases, it may not matter if animals get into the compost. If you keep your compost bin right near your home, it might be helpful to keep the animals out. If, however, your compost bin lives away from your home, an occasional visit from a wild animal may not be a big deal.
If the raccoons (or other animals) are also getting into other things or causing trouble generally, be sure to bury the food scraps under some dirt, cardboard, or dried leaves each time you dump them into the pile. Then the raccoons or other animals won’t know what’s hiding out in your pile.
With respect to rodents, compost bins do not generally attract mice any more than mice are otherwise running around outside our homes and in nature. Whether we like it or not, mice are around. Hopefully, they aren’t in our house, but having a compost bin shouldn’t exacerbate that risk.
If you are concerned, keep the compost pile away from the house or use a raised tumbler that keeps organic matter in an enclosed container a foot or two off the ground. This should help prevent any animals from snooping around in your precious compost.
Earthy Smells Quite Nice
If compost is decomposing properly with enough “browns” and oxygen (by turning it frequently enough), compost smells quite good actually. It has a sweet, earthy smell. The smell of rotting food may attract animals but compost does not smell like rotting food if managed properly.
Composting doesn’t have to be an exact science so long as you are mindful about checking on it periodically and not leaving food scraps on top of the pile for long periods of time.
If it starts to smell bad or like trash, that’s a sign that the compost needs more “brown” material and would benefit from being turned to incorporate more air (oxygen) into the pile for the microorganisms.
If you’re on the fence about composting and the fear of attracting animals has you concerned, know that there are plenty of ways to compost at home that almost certainly will not create issues with wildlife or overly-curious pets wreaking havoc in your home and yard.
If you have more questions about composting at home, don’t hesitate to ask! Leave your questions in the comments and we’ll do our best to answer them.